ICAR - CENTRAL INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH ON CATTLE (CIRC)
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Institute/ICAR
 
Title of the project Name of PI with associates Brief objectives Duration with date of start and end Brief highlights Total outlay
(Rs in lakhs)
Studies on genetic aspects of Holstein- Sahiwal crossbreds (Frieswal Project) Dr. Sushil Kumar
Dr S. Tyagi 
Dr Mahesh Kumar
Dr. D. K. Mandal
To study the genetic and phenotypic variance in milk production of Holstein-Sahiwal crossbreds and associated characters related to growth, production, reproduction and survival, and covariances among all these characters with a view to develop suitable selection criteria for improving milk production.

To undertake progeny testing of a large number of bulls, their selection on the basis of the genetic merit and utilizing them in Military Farms (MFs) and other crossbreeding programmes.
Long term Project (3rd   November 1987    –
continued)
A total of 90 Frieswal bulls have so far been evaluated for their genetic merit on the basis of 1st lactation milk yield.

The breeding value of top 10 bulls ranged from 2970 (+146) to 3092 (+268) kg.
1006.85
Genetic studies on performance of important indigenous breeds of cattle and their improvement through selection (Indigenous Breeds Project) Dr Umesh Singh
Dr. Arun Kumar
To study the genetic and phenotypic variances in milk and covariances among milk and draft and associated economic characters such as growth, reproduction and survival with a view to develop suitable selection criteria for improving draft/draft and milk.

To undertake testing and selection of bulls for bringing improvement in populations involved.

To provide superior germplasm for utilization in development programs for improving draft/draft and milk production.
Long term Project    (3rd
November  1987   –
continued)
A total of 23 Ongole bulls and 33 Hariana bulls have been evaluated on the basis of their first lactation daughter’s milk yield.

The breeding value of top 5 bulls ranged from 901.75 (+27.17) to 927.56 (+52.98) kg in Hariana and 553.95 (+14.93) to 568.42 (+29.41) kg in Ongole, respectively.    

Draught power of 64 bulls was estimated by using single harness plough with digital dynamometer and  varied from 0.52 to 1.13 H.P. among the bulls.
1513.91
Field recording of performance data for undertaking large scale progeny testing
(Field Progeny Testing Project)
Dr. Arun Kumar, Dr. Umesh Singh To undertake progeny testing of crossbred bulls on a large scale in the field. Long term Project ( 3rd
November 1987 –
continued)
Milk production per cow has increased by 244 kg at BAIF, 454 kg at GADVASU and 983 kg at KAU over last 16 years.   745.98
Determination of milk composition in Frieswal cattle. Dr. Sushil Kumar To determine the milk composition of Frieswal breed. Long term Project (February
2005 –
continued)
Average Fat, Protein, Lactose and SNF percentage was 3.91±0.01, 3.03±0.01, 4.54±0.01 and 8.29±0.01 in the milk of Frieswal cows.    --
Identification of genetic markers (Leptene and DGAT 1 gene) for milk production and composition traits in Frieswal cattle Dr Umesh Singh, Dr Sushil Kumar
To determine single nucleotide polymorphisms in leptin loci and DGAT1 loci.

To estimate allele frequencies at each SNP locus and linkage disequilibrium among different loci.

To study the association of genetic polymorphisms with reproduction, production and milk composition traits.

Identification of genetic marker/s for reproduction, production and milk composition traits.
3 years (1st April 2010 -  31st March 2013) Work is in progress.   3.00
Utilization of matabolizable (RDP and RUP) protein in diets of Frieswal cattle for increasing productivity. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
To screen locally available roughages, forages, by-products, energy and protein supplements for estimation of RDP and RUP.

To formulate diets for different production functions of Frieswal cattle on the basis of RDP and RUP values of feed ingredients. 

To evaluate animal response in different physiological stages by feeding     diets based on RDP and RUP values.
Four years
(August 2006 - May 2010)
Among protein supplements, cottonseed cake and soybean cake had the higher RUP values.

Among forages, berseem had higher RUP values compared to other forages.

The bull calves grew at the rate of 476.0, 608.0 and 772 g/d, respectively against the target weight of 600, 700 and 1000 g/d when fed on BRU feeding scale and NRC (2001) feeding standard using diets formulated on RDP and RUP basis. 
  6.0
Soil-Plant-Animal interrelation ship of macro and micro minerals in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh. Dr. Rajendra Prasad
To estimate mineral contents in soil, water, plant and animal samples collected from different regions in various seasons of Meerut district.

To see the availability of minerals in  different regions of Meerut district and take suitable measures to overcome imbalance and deficiency problem.
4 years
(July 2006 to
March 2010)
Groundnut cake and Gram chuni had higher Zn content then the reported values.

The Zn, Cu and Co concentration in blood plasma of cattle and buffalo ranged between 1.98-2.19, 1.36-1.63 and 1.23-1.85 ppm of blood plasma.

The soil pH in different soils and seasons ranged from 6.68 – 6.98 and 6.77 – 6.95 respectively. Similarly, pH of water collected from different soils in various seasons ranged from 8.19-8.34 and 8.22-8.27.
  7.25
Studies on body conformation characteristics on reproductive potential of Frieswal bulls Dr. D.K. Mandal,
Dr. S. Tyagi
Dr. Mahesh Kumar
To investigate and evaluate various kinds of gross anatomic, physio-morphometric and body conformation characteristics of Frieswal males of various age groups.

To find out the relationship of body characteristics features with semen quality, sexual behaviour and reproductive potential of Frieswal bulls.
July 2009 to June 2014 Development  of selection criteria of Frieswal  bulls based on body morphology for reduction of expenditure on  rearing of undesired bulls.

Production of quality germ plasm with better fertility for genetic improvement of cattle both in farm and field conditions.
2.50
Molecular characterization of autosomal and Y specific microsatellite markers of Frieswal cattle genome related to milk production and fertility traits Dr. Rajib Deb, Dr. Umesh Singh, Dr. Sushil Kumar, Dr. Srikant Tyagi, Dr. Arjava Sharma 1. To characterize the autosomal microsatellite markers of Frieswal genome related to milk production traits. 2. To identify Y specific microsatellite markers of Frieswal genome and correlate their haplotypes with phenotypes of bull semen. 01.06.2012 to 01.05.2015 Microsatellite markers related to milk production traits and fertility status of Frieswal cattle will be identified. 18.66 lakhs
Study of genetic polymorphism of Heat shock protein genes among indigenous and cross breed cattle Dr. Basavraj Sajjanar, NIASM, Baramati, Pune (P.I.) & Dr. Rajib Deb (Co P.I.) , CIRC, Meerut 1. To amplify polymorphic region of selected isoform of HSP gene from indigenous and cross breed cattle 2. To characterize the polymorphism of HSP gene in indigenous and cross breed cattle 3. To associate genetic polymorphism with theromotolerance/ productive/ reproductive traits of different indigenous breeds of cattle.
 
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